Did 24-hour drinking actually change anything?

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イギリスのカフェルチャーは変わったのでしょうか?

じつは、イギリスとウェールズがアルコールを提供するパブの営業を24時間許可して10年がすぎました。

かつてはアルコールは11時がラストオーダーだったのですが2005年にその法律が撤廃されました。Women drinking beer

It has been 10 years since the government changed drinking laws in England and Wales to allow pubs – theoretically at least – to serve alcohol 24 hours a day. But did anything actually change?

 

When the Licensing Act came fully into force at midnight on 24 November 2005 it was called a new era. The idea that last orders at 11pm were to become a thing of the past had dominated headlines for months.

 

Customers drinking outside a bar in Spain
It was reported that the act would lead to round-the-clock drinking and there There were warnings that extended hours would cause chaos. The Royal College of Physicians said it would increase alcohol consumption. Police chiefs complained that their forces would be stretched. One judge said that easy access to alcohol was breeding “urban savages”.
Supporters said the new law would give drinkers greater flexibility and help reduce alcohol-related crime. There would no longer be a rush to drink before 11pm and it would spell an end to crowds fighting after closing time.
It would also help encourage a “continental cafe culture”.

この改正の支持者たちは、アルコールにかかわる犯罪がへることや、カフェ文化の継承などを訴えています。

It was thought the Licensing Act could have an effect on crime levels. The figures show that violent crime has been declining for decades in the UK. “To claim that that’s related to the licensing act would be a bit misleading,” says David Humphreys, an expert in social policy and intervention at Oxford University.

Late opening times on a board

そして、オックスフォード大学の研究によると、この法制が始まって以来アルコールに関する犯罪も減っていると報告されています。

Alcohol consumption has been falling since before the act was introduced. Figures from the British Beer and Pubs Association (BBPA) are based on alcohol sales and they suggest that consumption last year was 19% lower than at the recent peak in 2004.
Binge drinking among adults has also been decreasing overall. More people in the UK are teetotal, with 21% of adults not drinking at all. It was 19% in 2005. Young people have been the drivers behind this, with a 40% rise in teetotal young adults from 2005 to 2013. But linking any of this to the Licensing Act is difficult.

 

 

そして実は別の調査によると、ロンドンの若者はアルコールの飲酒量がへっているということも明らかにされています。

なんと現在成人の21%は全くアルコールをのまないとか!?

そしてこれは2005年の19%からさらにアップしています。

ビール好きのイギリス人という印象ですがイギリスのパブ文化もずいぶんかわってきているようですね。

 

Man drinking in a pub

 

 

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